Immigration into north Cumberland County has come in from many directions over the past 400 years. The Mi'kmaq were displaced by settlers from Europe and later from America as Empire Loyalists moved into British Canada in the late eighteenth century.
A significant number of families came to the area from Scotland, particularly during the Highland clearances (1750s to the 1850s). Many arrived in Nova Scotia (New Scotland) with not much more than their heritage, language and culture. Today, most of the Gaelic speakers in Nova Scotia are in Cape Breton and Antigonish and Pictou counties.
When the Gathering of the Clans moved to Pugwash in 1951, part of the preparations of this Scottish festival was the changes in the existing street names of the Village. Pugwash became the first community in North America to have bilingual English/Gaelic signs and they have been maintained in both languages ever since.
Click on the links below to hear how each street name sounds in Gaelic. Look below for how other places, common words or phrases are pronounced.